Cannabinoid Terpenes 101


Terpenes are organic hydrocarbons that are present in essential oils and give cannabis its distinct aroma that varies from strain to strain depending on the unique combination and quantities of terpenes therein. Though often referred to interchangeably with terpenoids, there is a slight difference between the two. Terpenoids are “transformed terpenes” that come about as the result of oxidation during the curing process of hemp.

Terpenes are thought to carry therapeutic benefits of their own, and with some of the best understood cannabinoid terpenes being:

a-Pinene / b-Pinene – found also in pine trees, sage, and rosemary, both a- and b-pinene have medical potential for enhancing alertness, and boosting memory. It is also anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial.

Linalool – found also in lavender, linalool has medical potential for anti-inflammatory, sedative, anxyolitic (anti-anxiety), and anti-depressant properties.

Beta-Caryophyllene – found also in cloves, cotton, cinnamon, and black pepper, beta-caryophyllene has shown medical potential as an anti-depressive, as combatting neuropathic pain associated with diabetes, and glycemia. It is also has antioxidant effects.

Limonene – found also in juniper, lemons, and oranges, limonene has medical potential for anti-microbial, anti-cancer, and anti-inflammatory properties. It has also shown itself to protect from cell damage caused by oxidative stress.

Myrcene – found also in lemongrass, hops, thyme, and mango, myrcene has medical potential in a protective role against peptic ulcers, as a sleep aid, and a muscle-relaxant.

Humulene – found also in hops, cloves, basil, and coriander, humulene has medical potential for anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and pain relieving properties, as well as its possible anti-tumor activity.

Ocimene – found also in orchids, mango, kumquats, mint, parsley, pepper, and basil, ocimene has medical potential owing to its antiviral, antifungal, and antimicrobial properties.

Terpinolene – found also in lilacs, conifers, tea trea, cumin, nutmeg, and apples, terpinolene showed anti-cancer and antioxidant effects in rat brains, anti-fungal, antibacterial, anti-cancer, and sedative properties.

If you are interested in experiencing terpenes, they are easily integrated into a wellness regimen by supplementing with a high quality broad-spectrum or full-spectrum CBD product.